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Defying the Odds

Defying the Odds
New book about the 2016 election.

Tuesday, September 3, 2019

Trump and Public Discourse

In Defying the Oddswe discuss Trump's character and record of dishonestyThe update -- recently published --includes a chapter on the 2018 midterms. Earlier this month, he told several Democratic congresswomen to "go back" to their countries. Then he attacked Elijah Cummings and his city of Baltimore and said that Jews who support Democrats are stupid or disloyal.

George C. Edwards,  "The Bully in the Pulpit: Donald Trump’s Public Discourse," 2019 APSA paper.

The conclusion:
Two days before taking the oath as a new U.S. senator, Mitt Romney published an op-ed in which he argued, “A president should demonstrate the essential qualities of honesty and integrity, and elevate the national discourse with comity and mutual respect. . . .  it is in this province where the incumbent’s shortfall has been most glaring.”[i]  The former Republican presidential candidate was correct.  Donald Trump’s public discourse has been characterized by making ad hominem attacks aimed at branding and delegitimizing critics and opponents, exaggerating threats or offering inappropriate reassurance, blurring the distinction between fact and fiction, stoking cultural divisions and racial and ethnic tensions, and challenging the rule of law.  This rhetoric was both consistent with his pre-presidential expressions and a clear deviation from the norms of the presidency. 
 Rather than being an asset for the president, his public discourse has diminished his ability to govern.  His rhetoric has not aided him in expanding his supportive coalition.  Incivility has not proven useful in attracting those not predisposed to support him, and he has not been able to brand policies effectively.  Nor has he convinced most people to distrust his critics, including the media, and he has not persuaded them with either his exaggerations or minimizing of threats.  His prevaricating has not won him additional adherents.  Instead, the public finds him untrustworthy and not someone to whom they should defer.  His public discourse and his playing to his base has brought him low and highly polarized approval ratings.  Most Americans considered his rhetoric to be divisive and polarizing.[ii]  In the end, Trump’s rhetoric has made it even more difficult to govern effectively.
  Equally important, there is reason to conclude that Trump’s discourse has been deleterious for American democracy.  His rhetoric has encouraged incivility in public discourse, accelerated the use of disinformation, legitimized the expression of prejudice and increasing the salience of cultural divisions and racial and ethnic tensions, and undermined democratic accountability.  Although most people reject both the tone and substance of the president’s rhetoric, many Republicans do not.  Especially for his co-partisans, he has distorted the public’s knowledge about politics and policy, warped their understanding of policy challenges, and chipped away at respect for the rule of law.



            [i] “The President Shapes the Public Character of the Nation. Trump’s Character Falls Short,” Washington Post, January 1, 2019.
            [ii] Scott Rasmussen poll, July 19-20, 2019.